In a recent study published in Nature, scientists revealed evidence of the oldest known surgery performed by humans. A team of archaeologists based out of Griffith University, Australia, discovered 31,000-year-old skeletal remains with the left foot surgically removed above the ankle at the fibula and tibia.
This discovery has overhauled commonly accepted views of medicine, the complexity of foraging societies, and the evolution of human cognition.
In early 2020, the team of researchers set out on canoes stacked with archaeology equipment for a six-day paddle into an isolated piece of tropical rainforest in hopes of a glimpse of humanity’s ancient history. Their destination was Liang Tebo, a limestone cave in the remote Sangkulirang-Mangkalihat region of eastern Kalimantan, which is the Indonesian portion of Borneo. The cave is known to have some of the oldest rock art in the world, dating back to 40,000 years.
Dr. Tim Maloney told MeatEater the discovery occurred…