The Different Types of Fishing Rods Explained

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Fishing is undoubtedly an enjoyable, fun, and relaxing sport. But a fisher is only as successful as their fishing rods. Every angler starts with the desire to cast successful lines and revel in catching bigger and stronger-fighting fish, but before you do understanding the different types of fishing rods explained to put into practice is key.

Every fishing enthusiast recognizes the rush of adrenaline and the heady delight of big catches, but all of that is impossible without the best fishing rods. You will find several kinds of rods in the markets, featuring a variety of materials and composite structures.

Each fishing rod type serves a purpose and excels at trapping different species, performing various tasks in other locations. For a seamless experience, it is best to know what fishing rod would fit perfectly with your fishing projects and choose wisely when out shopping.

Let’s look at the different types of fishing rods explained below:

1| Baitcasting Rods

A baitcasting rod is possibly the most versatile fishing rod you can have. If you’re looking for an alternative to a spinning rod, too, this would be it. There are several reasons why some of the most seasoned expert anglers use baitcasting for their catch.

What it is

Baitcasting rods have the highest casting accuracy and highest power in tackling larger, firmer fish. They have detailed designs that deliver flawless results when one is out fishing on the open waters. Even running streams create stories of success if you’ve got a baitcasting rod on you.

How it works

With this rod type, you can position your bait with precision on the hook and save yourself the hassle of luring the fish. Baitcasting rods usually have multiple eyes that you can spot near the reel.

2| Fly Rods

What it is

As the name suggests, fly rods are for fly fishing, and you can find them in different sizes and shapes. Each specific shape and size caters to fly fishing but has a different level of flexibility. Because of this, the rods can fly back and forth when you’re fixing the line and bait.

How it Works

Fly fishing rods help anglers catch smaller fish species that you will commonly find in freshwater bodies. But that is not all! Fly rods can even help you capture bigger species of fish. Granted, you will need a bigger rod size for that.

The extra size will lend you flexibility and strength when trying to reel in the stronger fish that struggle more. This rod type is different from the rest, and an example is the missing butt piece in the design.

Generally, this missing element enables the anglers to cast the line without hesitation, and rest assured that the line will not entangle when they cast it. Fly fishing rods are also stronger, more durable, and lighter due to the heavier fly line. Therefore, when you’re using a fly rod, you do not need to worry about snapping the line.

3| Spinning Rods

What it is

This is the most common fishing rod, and you will see anglers of all skill levels using one. Many who are very new to the sport may mistake a casting rod for a spinning one, but both are vastly different. You will find a range of sizes, from four feet to nine feet in spinning rods.

This rod-type also has different numbers of eyes, depending on the length size you choose. Hence, the minimum you get is five eyes in a spinning rod, and the maximum you will see are nine in this type.

Perhaps it is straightforward design and ease of handling that makes it suitable for beginners and experts alike. You will find a spinning reel right underneath the rod, adding more versatility to it.

How it Works

A combo rod and reel combo with a spinning reel helps you baitfish and lure the casts. You can target a range of fish species, from minor to medium, depending on the size of the spinning rod you choose. From shore fishing to deep waters, kayak to boat fishing, you will find spinning rods are useful everywhere.

4| Telescopic Rods

What it is

If you ask the most experienced fishermen, each would probably vote for telescopic rods as their favorite one. Why not, considering how compact and travel-friendly telescopic rods are. You can extend these rods too. And when you close them, they are usually not more than a foot or two lengthwise.

Do you know the best thing about these telescopic rods? They can extend to a length of twenty feet. Even assembling this tool is quick and simple. The rods do not have any eyes because their flexibility and length take away the need for those.

How it works

These rods work by folding themselves and giving the anglers higher portability. Most of these rods come with a hard plastic tip cover and protect the gear when you have collapsed it after use. Telescopic rods are customizable because you can choose your preferred line weight and reel with these.

The high flexibility makes the telescopic rod a perfect surf-fishing companion for all fishermen. However, handling this type of rod requires a certain level of expertise. Therefore, you must only graduate to this once you have finished casting your lines well.

5| Surf Rods

What it is

Just as the name suggests, you can use surf fishing rods for surf fishing activities and fishing from rocks. These rod types feature the most length, extending up to four or five meters. This is why anglers use the surf rods from shores because it helps them cast massive distances.

These surf rods can also break past waves and reach the fish where they love to feed. You will find alvey style reels or eggbeater reels, most commonly teaming up with a surf rod to handle larger fish.

How they Work

This rod type has enough power and height to cast beyond the waves where the fish feed. You can use an eight-foot-long surf rod for fishing in calmer areas. But ten feet long rods are considerably better for the energetic waters.

Surf rods have more power and action and can bend considerably. You can cast heavy sinkers and tackle fish beyond three feet lengthwise. The heavy sinkers also ensure that it will not float away in active waters when casting your line into a wave.

But remember, using the surf rods also requires a bit of expertise. Be sure to practice well enough before you handle the agile surf rods.

6| Overhead Rods

What it is

If you want a classic rod for your boat fishing, the overhead rods are the best option. These fishing rods feature flawless engineering causing the overhead reel to work in perfect unison. You will find these in slightly shorter length, but they pack incredible power in comparison to casting rods.

How it works

An overhead rod will help you fight deep-sea fish species as well as sportfish. With a combo or overhead rod and reel, though, you don’t need to cast much. You can drop your line and then wait to feel the bites.

7| Ice Fishing Rods

What it is

Ice fishing rods are for fishing in the cold waters below and to try to bait the species swimming there. Ice fishing may seem like a relaxing and serene sport. Although it is calming to a great extent, it also requires specific skills.

How it works

Ice fishing rods are small, considering how you need to drill a small hole through the ice to let it pass. In most cases, you will not find ice fishing rods more than twenty-five to thirty-seven inches long.

However, the rod’s short length means that you will find fewer eyes in these, and a classic design will also not have a reel. To work with an ice fishing rod, you have to use two opposing hooks that are generally on the rod. With these, you can wind your line manually, using your hands.

8| Kid Rods

What it is

Fishing rods are not only for adults; kids can try the sport too. Kid rods are child-sized and come in a rod and reel combo, such as spinning, lightweight, etc. These have to be lightweight for youngsters to handle while polishing their skills.

Construction Materials

Apart from paying careful attention to the rod type when purchasing one, you must also pay close attention to the construction materials. You will find fishing rods in composite, graphite, fiberglass, and carbon materials. Each of these materials has unique characteristics.

The material type plays a significant role in your rod’s overall feel and action. They also determine the grip level and ease. Every material has its advantages and differences, and learning about those before investing is a great practice.

Final Thoughts

You can find several different types of fishing rods in the market, and each serves a specific purpose. Some fishing rods help fishers target bigger species, and others are good to trap other kinds of species, fishing in a particular location, etc.

If you’re a passionate angler, it is best to invest in more than one type of fishing rods, if possible. With a collection of rods, you can explore and expand your boundaries in the fishing sport. Regardless of what fish species you’re hunting for, a good quality rod will ensure a memorable and fulfilling fishing experience.

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